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All Roads Lead To Carnsew | Hayle Pump

From Hayle Pump December 2012/January 2013
Carnsew….Dark Cliff…..a fifty foot high cliff of black basalt rock, which stood, and still stands, though transformed into the Plantation, on the southern shore of the Hayle estuary commanding an uninterrupted view of the harbour entrance.

More than two thousand years ago this was a Celtic hill fort, playing an important part in Cornwall’s trading with the classical world of Greece and Italy, and later in AD 722 repelling Anglo-Saxon invaders, ‘a victory at Hehil in the Devonian peninsula.

Here, at the foot of the fort Cornish Celts built their small, round dwellings, protected by the two earthwork ramparts, behind which they could retreat in times of possible attack.

Roman coins, minted around AD330 in Alexandria and Constantinople, found while constructing the Causeway, and the Cunaide Stone, a 5th century Roman memorial stone, discovered by workmen excavating in Plantation Lane in 1843, now repositioned on the Plantation, suggest that the Hill fort continued to be an important centre long after the Iron Age.

Ancient track ways, which also still exist today, though now covered with tarmac and traversed by cars, converged upon Carnsew. The higher ground track ran east, through High Lanes to Guildford and Angarrack, leading eventually to Carn Brea, and branching en route to hill forts at Castle Kayle and Carnkie.

Another track way, passing Copperhouse, continued to Gwithian. One led to Phillack, where traces of Iron Age burials and kitchen middens have been found, and from here forded the estuary to Lelant towards Madron and Mousehole.

A track led to Camborne, another to Nanpusker, then south-west towards Fraddam, which became the Pilgrim’s Way to Marazion and St Michael’s Mount. There are also track ways leading to St Erth, the ancient settlement of Pulsack, and, by way of fording the estuary, to Ludgvan and Penzance.

Today we cannot see the Hill fort, but it still exists in the form of the Plantation, landscaped, supported by walls, with archways and paths. Henry Harvey, (the owner of Harvey’s Foundry), having built his ‘Triumphal Arch’ in Foundry Lane, decided in 1845 that landscaping the Hill fort would be the prelude to building his new mansion at the crest. In 1852 the West Cornwall Railway foiled Henry’s plans by cutting a swathe through the Plantation, but his ambitions ensured the preservation of the Hill fort, still keeping its mysteries, asleep under Henry’s project.

Kath Mullinger
Hayle Community Archive

Book page

PA18/05585 | Application for Refurbishment and conversion of Loggans Mill building into 16 apartments, including internal and ex 9 hours 41 min agoBook page
1939 | Fire lit at Angarrack | May Day Celebrating at Hayle 10 hours 7 min agoBook page
1933 | LICENSED PREMISES TO LET. TIHE ANGARRACK INN. near Hayle. Rent and ingoing moderate. Suit a pensioner. Apply The Brewery, 10 hours 19 min agoBook page
1934 | Villagers' Initiative Spirit Of Self-Help at Angarrack Old Mill converted into Institute 11 hours 8 min agoBook page
1934 | Whist | It is interesting to note that this is the first time in history that whist drive has been held in Angarrack 11 hours 11 min agoBook page
1841 | Having been offered for sale at Angarrack Smelting House the Goth of a refiner put it at once into a ladle and melted 5 days 8 hours agoBook page
1894 September 6 | Two Men Killed At Hayle Dynamite Works 5 days 12 hours agoBook page
180801 | Hayle Mayor Slams Boundary Changes | Hayle Town Council 1 week 6 days agoBook page
1880 | There is a report current that the smelting-works at Angarrack will shortly cease operations, but all hope that it is a r 2 weeks 1 day agoBook page
1930 | A bazaar was held at Angarrack, Hayle, on Monday, in aid of the Wesleyan chapel renovation scheme 2 weeks 1 day agoBook page
1791 | About one mile East of the copper-works is the village of Angarrack | The Universal British Directory, Camborne 2 weeks 1 day agoBook page

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